Poliomyelitis (Polio) is a highly infectious disease
caused by the Polio virus. It invades the nervous
system, and can cause paralysis or even death in a
matter of hours.Polio
was one of major cause of permanent disability in 20th
century but due to vaccination Polio cases have
decreased in the end of 20th century.Polio
cases have decreased over 99% since 1988, from an
estimated 350 000 cases in more than 125 endemic
countries then, to 406 reported cases in 2013. In
2014, only 3 countries
in the world remain endemic for the disease.
is Polio transmitted?
of the patient is the main source of spread of polio
virus, it contaminate water, food and through these
Poliovirus enters the body through the mouth. The
virus multiplies in the intestine and is excreted by
the infected child in faeces, which can pass on the
virus to others.
the symptoms of Polio?
symptoms of polio are:
Stiffness in the neck
Flaccid Paralysis (Sudden weakness of Legs/arms)
Who is at
risk of catching Polio?
mainly affects children under 5 years of age.
the effects of Polio?
effects of Polio are:
every 200 persons infected with Polio leads to
irreversible paralysis (usually in the legs).
those paralysed, 5%-10% die when their breathing
muscles are immobilized by the virus.
Is there a
cure for Polio?
there is no cure for Polio. Polio can only be
prevented by immunization. A safe and effective
vaccine exists - the oral polio vaccine (OPV). OPV is
essential protection for children against Polio. Given
multiple times, it protects a child for life.
oral polio vaccine have any side effects?
oral polio vaccine is one of the safest vaccines ever
developed. It is so safe it can be given to sick
children and newborns. It has been used all over the
world to protect children against polio, saving at
least 5 million children from permanent paralysis by
What is the
Islamic guidance on polio vaccine?
polio vaccine (OPV) is safe and has been declared
Halal by Islamic leaders all over the world . All
major religious schools and sects have lent their
support to Polio eradication and many have issued
Fatwas in support.
Is it safe
to administer multiple doses of OPV to children?
is safe to administer multiple doses of Polio vaccine
to children. The vaccine is designed to be
administered multiple times to ensure full protection.
doses of OPV does a child need before they are
needs to be administered multiple times to be fully
effective. The number of doses it takes to immunize a
child depends entirely on the child's health and
nutritional status, and how many other viruses that
child has been exposed to.Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) is
safe and effective and every extra dose means a child
gets extra protection against polio. It takes multiple
doses of OPV to achieve full immunity against polio So
it is recommended that every child under 5 years age
must get Polio vaccine during every Polio campaign.
safe for sick children and newborns?
OPV is safe to be given to sick children. In fact it
is particularly critical that sick children are
immunized during the campaigns, and newborn babies,
because their immunity levels are lower than other
do some children get infected by polio even after
having received multiple doses?
Building immunity against virus is a very complex
biological process. We are all different; as are
organisms' reactions to medications and vaccines. Few
children may acquire strong immunity after just five
or six doses of the polio vaccine, while the most
vulnerable children need more than ten. The immune
system of underweight, malnourished and children
suffering from diarrhoea responds to the polio vaccine
in a different way than of healthy children.
Therefore, to remain protected, all children under
five years of age should receive polio vaccine during
every immunization round.
vaccine is safe and Halal.To protect ur child from
permanent disability ,get him/her immunized against
Polio vaccine during every Polio vaccine campaign.
Prof.Agha Shabbir Ali
Professor of Pediatrics,